Preference changes, which happened in Mongolia
Hey guys and everyone who reads my blog!
I would like to draw you attention to the coming parliament election in 2008 and what happened in
This paper analyses some of the main preference changes that occurred in
The reasons for change
Almost everything has changed in
By the end of 1990 change occurred. The reasons for such changes were:
- The Soviet Union collapsed which was
’s only one ally. Mongolia
- People started to understand that something was wrong and it was not the perfect system. People wanted private capital and to have uncensored information, including the right to express their opinion.
- People started to become sick of an “unchangeable” dogmatic ideology.
Some young people resisted the social system and tried to meet the government officers. Those young people still pursued their goals and started to go on a hunger strike in front of the government house. Whilst this was happening, some army members of the government put forward their idea, which was to use military force against the public. Fortunately,
Secondly, at that time, the government paid much attention to gathering information. They were concerned with the present orientations, facts and they required from the public that everything must be clear and detailed. Lawless (2000) complained that the papers would print whole speeches of the major players involved, which often spilled over two or more pages. It seemed that there were no events organized without the government censor. It was good in some cases because people seldom made errors but the worst thing was the government sometimes ignored people’s inspirations. They tended present orientation more than future possibilities.
Thirdly, the socialist government had a major objective that followed the main principles of socialism such as private capital should not be allowed in this society and there should not be rich people. This government usually made impersonal decisions but sometimes paid insufficient attention to people’s wishes. It is widely accepted that the lack of consideration of people’s wishes was one reason for the collapse of the socialist system in
Finally, that government liked using experience and standard ways and restrictive regulations to solve problems and make decisions. Actually, they tried to standardize everything instead of encouraging people’s inspirations. Ron (Cited in Argenti & Foreman 2002, p. 219) stated “Ignorance is always a turnoff”. The government worked their plan. They were organized and tried to finish their task before the deadline.
That government was the stablest of governments because there was only the Communist party and no competitors. That government changed rather slowly, deliberately and seldom entered and acknowledged a new situation. They created long-term visions and missions and divided them into short-term plans.
Where did they go wrong? Their potential pitfalls were; they did not see the need for changing things that they believed were already working and overtook their emotions when they ignored their own feelings and values for too long. They were dogmatic. That was why they were clear about what they believed and preached to public. Absolutely, they controlled and censored all kind of media one hundred percent.
The important things for the new government to consider are enough information, alternatives, options, and possibilities. Toffler (1990, p. 413) stated, “The appearance of the computer and new communications media in the mid-20th century smashed
The new government thinks that humans are the engine of the development and always tries to encourage them. As a result, the adoption of Law on press freedom on
The new government is definitely innovative and not afraid to experiment, so new things are always happening. Everyone is allowed to express their opinion and put forward their ideas. Maybe sometimes it could lead to anarchy, when people, who have some bad behavior, dominate in the society. For example, in the beginning of the transformation period, some people thought that democracy meant unlimited freedom. That is why Enkhtuya (cited in Lawless 2000, p. 125) said, “We [Mongolians] have a very low level of journalism”. After a while, they had to understand that one’s freedom is limited by other’s freedom. The new government is indeed much more sensitive to subtle signals in their external and internal environments than previous governments.
Where might they go wrong? It seems that the main fault of the new government might be they move on to new ideas or projects without completing those already started and it creates a big load for the society. Thus, they may need to pay attention to and focus on key details.
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The socialist government
The democratic government
It was the stablest government of
Well-organized and well informed
They use values and can feel a little signal and ready to be changed
They were dogmatic
Sometimes they developed polarity
Maybe they are not stable and a discussion takes a long time to reach a conclusion
Summing up the changes that have occurred:
- Democracy instead of Communism
- Inspirations instead of the Ideology
- Value system and Harmony instead of the Dogma
- Opening up instead of Closing off
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Lawless, J (2000) Wild East: Travels in the New Mongolia, Published by ECW press,
Nyamzagd, S (2000) Strategic Management of National Economy, Chapter 1, vol2, p114-129
Toffler, A (1990) Power Shift: Knowledge, Wealth and Violence at the edge of the 21st century, Published by Bantam Books,
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http://www.sudalgaa.com/ or S:\Workspaces\20026674\Business Ethics
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